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The Beginning (The 60’s)

  • All the makes to be sold in the national market must be assembled in Portugal; the vehicles must have a minimum of 15% of local content.
  • The excessive numbers of assembly lines created, assemblyng dozens of different models, are unfavourable to the valid and lasting consolidation of this business
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The 70’s

  • High number of companies
  • Small companies
  • Manufacturing flexibility
  • Range of products per company very diverse
  • Small series
  • Intensive labour
  • National market
  • Reduced foreign investment
  • Reduced specialisation in the automotive sector

 

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Reframe of the Automobile Sector (1979)

  • New legal rules for the sector (Lei Quadro do Sector, nº 351/79), confirmed by the Protocol with the EEC, create, through pressure of demand on supply, new conditions to implement and develop a components industry.
  • Establishment of the Renault project

 

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The 80’s

  • Reduction in the number of companies
  • Increase in the size of companies
  • Concentration in the range of products
  • Medium and long-run series
  • Intensive capital
  • External market
  • High foreign investment
  • Significant increase in specialisation in the automotive industry

 

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The 90's

  • Internationalisation and globalisation of the companies
  • More intervention in the Design, Research and Development of the products and processes
  • Lean production
  • Creation of partnerships and joint-ventures

 

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Reestructure of the Sector (1994)

  • Automobile production is insufficient, and there is a great capability of imports absortion
  • Number of existing automobiles has evolved positively, as foreseen in density and age
  • Establishment of the AutoEuropa project

 

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Present Situation

  • N.º of companies: ±200 enterprises involved in this sector
  • Number of directly employed staff: 46,500 (7% of total manufacturing industry employment)  
  • Volume of turnover (revenues): 9 billion Euros (5% GDP)
  • Exports: 7.6 billion Euros (13% of total Portuguese exports tradeable goods)
  • Development and maintenance supported by the capability to absorve the technology
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